The Recovox Formula – Ingredient Explanation

Recovox is an all-natural herbal/phytonutrient formula designed to improve workout performance by speeding recovery. It is designed to help balance or mitigate the elevated amounts of cortisol your body secretes in response to training and other forms of high stress. Recovox also provides key "adaptogenic" herbs to help improve energy production through better oxygen utilization. Finally, it provides nutrients that have been shown to reduce anxiety and to support better mental focus. Unlike most macronutrient powders, drinks, bars and gels, Recovox exerts its action by providing "micronutrients" that work within the cell. With a unique blend of five top research proven recovery and anti-stress nutrients: Phosphatidyl Serine, l-Theanine, Magnolia Bark, Beta-sitosterol, and Rhodiola Rosea, Recovox will help you become a better athlete.

   

Phosphatidyl Serine

l-Theanine

Magnolia Bark

Beta-sitosterol

Rhodiola Rosea

 


Phosphatidyl Serine

What it is:
This is the stress superstar. Phosphatidyl serine (PS, for those of us without the biology degree) is a naturally occurring phospholipid. Basically, PS is a compound of two fatty acids and a sugary skeleton (but a good kind called glycerol). It exists in the body in almost all cell membranes, but is particularly prevalent and critical in three primary places, which are all directly related to and impacted by stress: the brain, the muscles, and the immune system. We don't get much PS from our diets and our bodies don't manufacture much, so it is an important nutrient to supplement.

The stress effect:
PS is probably the most important nutrient you can take for fighting stress. Nevertheless, not many "stress-fighting" supplements contain appreciable amounts of PS, because it is such an expensive nutrient. PS not only enriches your brain's ability to fight stress, but it helps your muscles rebuild and nourish themselves, and PS supports your immune system in fighting infection. Significantly, PS has been shown to "blunt" cortisol and ACTH, two of the stress-related hormones that our bodies produce. More importantly, PS does not interfere with abnormally low levels of cortisol – only the unhealthy higher levels generated under stress. And it gets better: PS has also been shown in numerous studies to increase memory, concentration and cognition.

The studies show:
Just 75 mg a day can help an adult male reduce his levels of both ACTH and cortisol. PS is necessary to repairing cellular membranes, which are crucial to proper bodily functions. PS is especially helpful in rebuilding muscles after exertion and injury. In double-blind studies (the most reliable studies), PS has been proven to help with brain function – even alleviating certain forms of age-related dementia and mental impairment. Experts consider PS a "general stress" nutrient, helping muscles bounce back, nerves handle a hectic lifestyle, stress hormones stay in balance and concentration improve.

The side effects:
PS has no side effects. Recommended dosage is 100-500 mg per day for active adults, and up to 1000 mg for athletes during intensive training periods or for recovery from injury. Recovox provides 150 mg of PS in a recommended two-capsule serving (or 300 mg if you double the dosage).

Click Here to see our sources and read what a scientific abstract has to say about phosphatidyl serine.

l-Theanine

What it is:
l-Theanine is often overshadowed by its more famous cousins, but it packs a powerful punch. An amino acid found in green tea, l-theanine is well-documented for its calming, yet non-sedative, effects. The l-Theanine used in Recovox is a patent-protected version called Suntheanine®. Suntheanine is the only 100 percent l-theanineproduct on the market.

The stress effect:
l-Theanine works in the brain to fight stress by increasing alpha wave activity. There are all kinds of different waves in the brain. Beta waves are the stress-producing waves, delta waves cause you to be sleepy, and alpha waves are the most powerful, responsible for your levels of alertness, concentration and relaxation. Stress literally attacks your ability to remain alert, feel at ease, and tackle difficulties. (Creative people are actually proven to have more alpha waves than other folks.) Stress diminishes these alpha waves, which is why when you're stressed, you have a hard time focusing. This is where l-theanine comes in.

The studies show:
l-Theanine increases alpha waves, helping your brain handle stress. But that's not all. l-Theanine has been proven, in over a dozen studies, to promote more refreshing sleep, to help support normal blood pressure ranges, and to increase concentration and focus. l-Theanine has also been shown to help support immune function.

The side effects:
No side effects have ever been documented. A daily dose of 100-200 mg is usually what's recommended. Recovox contains 100 mg per two-capsule dose (and 200 mg if you double the daily dosage)

Click Here to see our sources and read what a scientific abstract has to say about l-theanine.

Magnolia Bark

What it is:
Magnolia bark has been used since the dawn of the first millennia in China to help balance energy or “chi”. Translated into Western scientific language, magnolia bark helps to balance unusually high cortisol levels, as occur when we are under stress.

The stress effect:
Magnolia bark not only soothes our frazzled nerves and eases nervous energy, it comforts digestive troubles and aids stomach processes. Magnolia bark has two compounds, called biphenols. One calms and the other stops excess cortisol production.

The studies show:
Magnolia bark has always been used to relax and calm, but new studies show that magnolia bark actually plays a role in helping to balance cortisol levels. High cortisol levels have been linked to increased risk for obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and low immunity. Cortisol is the physical connection between mental or emotional stress and their impact on physical health. Several studies have also shown that magnolia bark may help reduce harmful neurotransmitters in the brain, helping to alleviate stress and anxiety. And a Japanese study shows that magnolia bark is up to a thousand times more potent than vitamin E as an antioxidant.

The side effects:
At high dosages, magnolia bark can act as a mild depressant, causing slight drowsiness. However, one would have to consume significant quantities far beyond any recommended or commonly found dosage. At normal dosages, magnolia bark is similar to l-theanine, having no depressant effect whatsoever, and is far safer than many sedative drugs or depressants. 200-500 mg is the recommended range for daily intake. Recovox contains 100 mg per two capsules (200 mg if you double the dosage under high stress).

Click Here to see our sources and read what a scientific abstract has to say about magnolia bark.

Beta-sitosterol

What it is:
Beta-sitosterol is a (good) cholesterol-like compound found in many foods, such as nuts, fruits, vegetables and seeds. It’s best absorbed in consistent, supplementary form, such as with a pill or vitamin. There are hundreds of “sterols” in the food supply, but beta-sitosterol has specific properties that fight the affects of stress.

The stress effect:
Beta-sitosterol has long been known for its properties that help support healthy cholesterol levels and a healthy immune system, but beta-sitosterol also is excellent for helping muscles to recover from stress, such as after a competition or an injury. It’s best when taken after physical exertion or injury, or during times of stress.

The studies show:
Doctors commonly recommend echinacea for its immune-boosting properties, but studies show beta-sitosterol is actually more effective at supporting immunity when the patient is suffering from stress. Studies also point to significant benefits of beta sitosterol as an essential nutrient for those suffering from stress as it affects the muscles and immunity.

The side effects:
Beta-sitosterol isn’t dangerous, but to get enough in your diet can be a rather high-caloric undertaking (several handfuls of nuts or nut butters, or constant servings of vegetables throughout the day). It’s one of the best immune-supporting nutrients you can take when your body is undergoing stress – whether physical, mental or emotional.

Click Here to see our sources and read what a scientific abstract has to say about beta-sitosterol.

Rhodiola Rosea

What it is:
Also known as the “golden root,” the “arctic root,” and “Crenulin.” Rhodiola is a plant that grows in Siberia. It’s been used for thousands of years for a variety of immune and stress purposes. It is known as an “adaptogen” because it helps the body better adapt to stress – in other words, to become more adept at handling future stressors. Rhodiola’s main components are rosavin, rosarin, rosin and salidroside. These ingredients help to move fatty acids, enabling greater metabolic ability and can assist in weight loss while dieting. These active ingredients also give the body a burst of energy in general, invigorating the patient both at the cellular repair level and the mental mood level.

The stress effect:
Rhodiola not only fights mental and emotional stress, but can help increase athletic performance, support a healthy immune system, improve concentration and alertness, promote a sense of well-being, and even help with weight loss while dieting or exercising.

The studies show:
Studies point to effective weight loss when rhodiola is consumed, but studies also prove significant benefits for mood, energy levels, concentration, and athletic enhancement. It is able to effectively help alleviate certain states of non-clinical mental depression, and to help the body to process oxygen more efficiently. This manifests as increased energy, vitality, wellbeing, and possible loss of body fat.

The side effects:
Rhodiola has no known side effects. The recommended dose is 100-300 mg per day. Recovox’s formula includes 100 mg per two-capsule daily dose (200 mg if you double the normal dosage).

Click Here to see our sources and read what a scientific abstract has to say about rhodiola rosea.

Abstracts & Sources

Phosphatidyl Serine
(Abstract: PS is a phospholipid enriched in the brain, validated through double-blind trials for improving memory, learning, concentration, word recall, and mood in middle- aged and elderly subjects with dementia or age-related cognitive decline. PS has an excellent benefit- to-risk profile. ALC is an energizer and metabolic cofactor which also benefits various cognitive functions in the middle-aged and elderly, but with a slightly less favorable benefit-to-risk profile.
Kidd P.M. (1999).

" A review of nutrients and botanicals in the integrative management of cognitive dysfunction."
Altern Med Rev 4: 144-161.

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3. DiPalma JR. Nutritional pharmacology. Am Fam Physician. 1985 Aug;32(2):171-3.
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21. Wurtman RJ. Nutrients that modify brain function. Sci Am. 1982 Apr;246(4):50-9.)

l-Theanine
(Abstract: Since ancient times, it has been said that drinking green tea brings relaxation. The substance that is responsible for a sense of relaxation, is theanine. Theanine is a unique amino acid found almost solely in tea plants and the main component responsible for the exotic taste of ‘green’ tea. It was found that L-theanine administered intraperitoneally to rats reached the brain within 30 min without any metabolic change. Theanine also acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain and decreased blood pressure significantly in hypertensive rats. In general, animals always generate very weak electric pulses on the surface of the brain, called brain waves. Brain waves are classified into four types, namely small alpha, Greek, small beta, Greek, small delta, Greek and straight theta, small theta, Greek-waves, based on mental conditions. Generation of small alpha, Greek-waves is considered to be an index of relaxation. In human volunteers, small alpha, Greek-waves were generated on the occipital and parietal regions of the brain surface within 40 min after the oral administration of theanine (50–200 mg), signifying relaxation without causing drowsiness.

- “L-theanine—a unique amino acid of green tea and its relaxation effect in humans”
Lekh Raj Juneja Nutritional Foods Division, Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, 1-3 Takaramachi, Yokkaichi, Mie 510-0844, Japan Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan
Available online 17 December 1999.

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2. Kakuda T, Yanase H, Utsunomiya K, Nozawa A, Unno T, Kataoka K. Protective effect of gamma-glutamylethylamide (theanine) on ischemic delayed neuronal death in gerbils. Neurosci Lett. 2000 Aug 11;289(3):189-92.
3. Sadzuka Y, Sugiyama T, Miyagishima A, Nozawa Y, Hirota S. The effects of theanine, as a novel biochemical modulator, on the antitumor activity of adriamycin. Cancer Lett. 1996 Aug 2;105(2):203-9.
4. Sadzuka Y, Sugiyama T, Sonobe T. Efficacies of tea components on doxorubicin induced antitumor activity and reversal of multidrug resistance. Toxicol Lett. 2000 Apr 3;114(1-3):155-62.
5. Sadzuka Y, Sugiyama T, Sonobe T. Improvement of idarubicin induced antitumor activity and bone marrow suppression by theanine, a component of tea. Cancer Lett. 2000 Oct 1;158(2):119-24.
6. Sadzuka Y, Sugiyama T, Suzuki T, Sonobe T. Enhancement of the activity of doxorubicin by inhibition of glutamate transporter. Toxicol Lett. 2001 Sep 15;123(2-3):159-67.
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9. Sugiyama T, Sadzuka Y. Combination of theanine with doxorubicin inhibits hepatic metastasis of M5076 ovarian sarcoma. Clin Cancer Res. 1999 Feb;5(2):413-6.
10. Sugiyama T, Sadzuka Y. Enhancing effects of green tea components on the antitumor activity of adriamycin against M5076 ovarian sarcoma. Cancer Lett. 1998 Nov 13;133(1):19-26.
11. Yokogoshi H, Kato Y, Sagesaka YM, Takihara-Matsuura T, Kakuda T, Takeuchi N. Reduction effect of theanine on blood pressure and brain 5-hydroxyindoles in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1995 Apr;59(4):615-8.
12. Yokogoshi H, Kobayashi M. Hypotensive effect of gamma-glutamylmethylamide in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Life Sci. 1998;62(12):1065-8.
13. Yokogoshi H, Terashima T. Effect of theanine, r-glutamylethylamide, on brain monoamines, striatal dopamine release and some kinds of behavior in rats. Nutrition. 2000 Sep;16(9):776-7.
14. Yokogoshi, H., Kato, Y., Sagesaka, Y. M., Takihara-Matsuura, T., Kakuda, T., Takeuchi, N. "Reduction Effect of Theanine on Blood Pressure and Brain 5-Hydroxyindoles in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats." Biosciences, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, April 1995, 59(4): 615-18.
15. Yokogoshi, H., Terashima, T. "Effect of Theanine, R-Glutamylethylamide, on Brain Monoamines, Striatal Dopamine Release and Some Kinds of Behavior in Rats." Nutrition, Sept. 2000, 16(9): 776-77.)

Magnolia Bark
(Abstract:Use of the elevated plus-maze experiment and activity and traction tests in mice have revealed that seven daily treatments with 0.2 mg kg(-1) and higher doses of honokiol, a neolignane derivative extracted from Magnolia bark, had an anxiolytic effect without change in motor activity or muscle tone. Diazepam, 1 mg kg(-1), had the same anxiolytic potential as 0.2 mg kg(-1) honokiol but induced muscle relaxation. The aim of this study was to determine whether honokiol had diazepam-like side-effects. Mice treated with 1-10 mg kg(-1) diazepam, but not those treated with 0.1-2 mg kg(-1) honokiol, for 12 days showed withdrawal symptoms characterized by hyperactivity and running-fit when they were challenge-administered intraperitoneal flumazenil (10 mg kg(-1)) 24 h after the last treatment with diazepam. Oral diazepam (0.5-2 mg kg(-1), 10 min before) dose-dependently prolonged hexobarbital (100 mg kg(-1), i.p.)-induced sleeping, disrupted learning and memory, and inhibited (+)-bicuculline (40 mg kg(-1), i.p.)-induced death. Honokiol (0.2-20 mg kg(-1), p.o., 3 h before) had no such effects. The prolongation by diazepam (1 mg kg(-1)) of hexobarbital-induced sleeping was not modified by honokiol (0.2-20 mg kg(-1)). These results suggest that honokiol is less likely than diazepam to induce physical dependence, central depression and amnesia at doses eliciting the anxiolytic effect. It is also considered that honokiol might have no therapeutic effect in the treatment of convulsion.

-J Pharm Pharmacol. 1999 Jan;51(1):97-103.
Honokiol, a putative anxiolytic agent extracted from magnolia bark, has no diazepam-like side-effects in mice.
Kuribara H, Stavinoha WB, Maruyama Y.
Department of Neuropsychopharmacology (Tsumura), Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

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1. Hou YC, Chao PD, Chen SY. Honokiol and magnolol increased hippocampal acetylcholine release in freely moving rats. Am J Chin Med. 2000;28(3-4):379-84.
2. Kuribara H, Kishi E, Hattori N, Okada M, Maruyama Y. The anxiolytic effect of two oriental herbal drugs in Japan attributed to honokiol from magnolia bark. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2000 Nov;52(11):1425-9.
3. Kuribara H, Stavinoha WB, Maruyama Y. Behavioural pharmacological characteristics of honokiol, an anxiolytic agent present in extracts of Magnolia bark, evaluated by an elevated plus-maze test in mice. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1998 Jul;50(7):819-26.
4. Kuribara H, Stavinoha WB, Maruyama Y. Honokiol, a putative anxiolytic agent extracted from magnolia bark, has no diazepam-like side effects in mice. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1999 Jan;51(1):97-103.
5. Liu PS, Chen CC, Kao LS. Multiple effects of honokiol on catecholamine secretion from adrenal chromaffin cells. Proc Natl Sci Counc Repub China B. 1989 Oct;13(4):307-13.
6. Tachikawa E, Takahashi M, Kashimoto T. Effects of extract and ingredients isolated from Magnolia obovata thunberg on catecholamine secretion from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Aug 1;60(3):433-40.
7. Tsai TH, Lee TF, Chen CF, Wang LC. Modulatory effects of magnolol on potassium-stimulated 5-hydroxytryptamine release from rat cortical and hippocampal slices. Neurosci Lett. 1995 Feb 15;186(1):49-52.
8. Watanabe, K., Goto, Y., Yoshitomi, K. "Central Depressant Effects of the Extracts of Magnolia Cortex." Chemical and Pharmcological Bulletin (Tokyo), 1973, 21: 1700-8.
9. Watanabe, K., Watanabe, H. Y., Goto, Y., Yamamoto, N., Yoshizaki, M. "Studies on the Active Principles of Magnolia Bark: Centrally Acting Muscle Relaxant Activity of Magnolol and Honokiol." Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 1975, 25: 605-7.
10. Watanabe, K., Watanabe, H., Goto, Y., Yamaguchi, M., Yamamoto, N., Hagino, K. "Pharmacological Properties of Magnolol and Honokiol Extracted from Magnolia Officinalis: Central Depressant Effects." Planta Med, 1983, 49: 103-8.)

Beta Sitosterol
(Abstract:Laboratory and human studies have shown us that when sterols and sterolins are administered together, they enhance the immune system.(1) Thus, sterols and sterolins may have some benefit in A**S and H*V therapy. They do so by stimulating the activity of the immune system, which helps control the multiplication of the virus.(2) Also, in a trial with individuals running a marathon race, the blood work of those taking the sterol/sterolin combination revealed significant increases in total white blood cell count as well as in several lymphocyte counts and better ratios of cortisol to DHEAs.(3) See below for (3):

(3): A pilot study was undertaken to investigate the effects of the intake of capsules containing the plant sterols and sterolins (BSS:BSSG mixture) on selected immune parameters of volunteers participating in an ultra-marathon in Cape Town, South Africa. Those runners having received active capsules (n=9) showed less neutrophilia, lymphopenia and leukocytosis when compared to their counterparts having received placebo capsules (n=8): the placebo treated individuals showed significant increases in their total white blood cell numbers as well as in their neutrophils (p=0.03 and 0.03 respectively). Furthermore, statistically significant increases within lymphocyte subsets were observed in the runners having received the active capsules: CD3+ cells increased (p=0.02) as did CD4+ cells (p=0.03). In parallel, the BSS:BSSG capsules decreased the plasma level of IL6 in the runners using the active capsules (p=0.08) and significantly decreased the cortisol: DHEAs ratio (p=0.03), suggesting that these volunteers had less of an inflammatory response and were less immune suppressed during the post-marathon recovery period. These findings justify further investigations into the use of the phytosterols to prevent the subtle immunosuppression associated with excessive physical stress.

-Bouic PJ, Clark and A, Lamprecht J
5/1999
Int J Sports Med

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Rhodiola Rosea
(Abstract:Rhodiola rosea is a popular plant in traditional medical systems in Eastern Europe and Asian with a reputation for stimulating the nervous system, decreasing depression, enhancing work performance, eliminating fatigue, and preventing high altitude sickness. Rhodiola rosea has been categorised as an adaptogen by Russian researchers due to its observed ability to increase resistance to a variety of chemical, biological, and physical stresses. Its claimed benefits include antidepressant, antic****r, cardioprotective, and central nervous system enhancement. Research also indicates great utility in asthenia conditions (decline in work performance, sleep difficulties, poor appetite, irritability, hypertension, headaches, and fatigue) developing subsequent to intense physical or intellectual strain. The adaptogenic, cardiopulmonary protective, and central nervous system activities of Rhodiola rosea have been attributed primarily to its ability to influence levels and activity of monoamines and opioid peptides such as beta-endorphins.
Altern Med Rev 2001; Jun, 6(3): 293-302.
" Rhodiola rosea: A possible plant adaptogen."

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